Banqueting House by Inigo Jones, at Whitehall, London, 1619 to 1622.
“…Jones built a new Banqueting House at Whitehall Palace for James I, to replace a previous one destroyed by fire. When the Banqueting House in London was completed, it bore no resemblance to anything ever built in England before….” more
Oratorio di San Bernardino
After the canonization in 1450 of St Bernardino of Siena, who visited Perugia many times to preach, the local Franciscan order built a church to commemorate the saint. Designed by the Tuscan Agostino di Duccio in 1461, the Oratorio di San Bernardino is one of the best examples of Perugia’s early Renaissance masterpieces. The bas-relief is layered with multicoloured marble, limestone and terracotta angels and musicians.
Francesco Camilliani’s most notable work by far is the Renaissance fountain in the Piazza Pretoria in Palermo, the Fontana Pretoria.
This piece was originally commissioned for the garden of the villa outside Florence of Luigi Alvarez de Toledo; it was completed in 1555.
Under pressure to make economies in his style of living, and perhaps with reservations about the completed fountain’s crowd of ignudi, in January 1573 Don Luigi permitted it to be bought by the Senate of Palermo, through the intervention of his brother Don Garçia, the former viceroy and Governor of Palermo.
It was dismantled into six hundred and forty-four pieces and transported to Palermo, and set up there by Camillo Camilliani.
Re-erection at Palermo was complete in 1584.
The sculpture of the fountain depicts fables, monsters, and nymphs all spraying jets of water, which also falls and cascades between them. Once locally known as the Fontana della Vergogna, the “fountain of shame”, because of the nude statues that stand around the base of each tier, it is one of the few true pieces of High Renaissance art in Palermo.
The Hall of Antiquities (Antiquarium), built in 1568-1571 for the antique collection of Albert V (1550–1579) by Wilhelm Egkl and Jacobo Strada, is the largest Renaissance hall north of the Alps.
Remodeled into a banquet hall by Friedrich Sustris in 1586-1600. The Antiquarium housed the ducal library until 1581. The low hall was then covered with a barrel vault that had 17 window lunettes.
The hall was adorned with paintings by Peter Candid, Antonio Ponzano, and Hans Thonauer the Elder, though some were initially designed by Sustris himself.
It is comfortably cushioned between the walls of The Munich Residenz.
The royal Château de Chambord at Chambord, Loir-et-Cher, France is one of the most recognizable châteaux in the world because of its very distinct French Renaissance architecture which blends traditional French medieval forms with classical Renaissance structures.
The building, which was never completed, was constructed by King François I in part to be near to his mistress the Comtesse de Thoury, Claude Rohan, wife of Julien de Clermont.
There are suggestions that Leonardo da Vinci may have designed the châteaux.
Interestingly enough, this is where Molière gave his first performance of Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme in 1670.
Some renaissance architecture styles:
- Wollaton Hall - Elizabethan (England)
- Florence Cathedral dome - Cinquecento (Italy)
- Palace of Ponce de Leon de Gracia - Platersque (Spain)
- Château de Chenonceau - Early (France)
Model for the dome of St Peter’s by Michelangelo.
The Villa d’Este at Tivoli is one of the grandest and best-preserved of the Italian Renaissance gardens. It was created by Cardinal Ippolito II d’Este, son of Alfonso I d’Este, the Duke of Ferrara, and Lucrezia Borgia. He was made a Cardinal at the age of twenty-nine and became governor of Tivoli in 1550.
To develop his residence, he took over a former Franciscan convent, and for the garden he bought the adjoining steep hillside and the valley below. His chosen architect was Pirro Ligorio, who had been carrying out excavations for Ippolito at the nearby ruins of the ancient Villa Adriana, or Hadrian’s Villa, the extensive country residence of the Roman Emperor, Hadrian, that had numerous elaborate water features.
From 1550 until his death in 1572, when the villa was nearing completion, Cardinal d’Este created a palatial setting surrounded by a spectacular terraced garden in the late-Renaissance mannerist style, which took advantage of the dramatic slope but required innovations in bringing a sufficient water supply, which was employed in cascades, water tanks, troughs and pools, water jets and fountains.
The Villa has been celebrated in poetry, painting and music. The grounds of the Villa d’Este also house the Museo Didattico del Libro Antico, a teaching museum for the study and conservation of antiquarian books.
Palmanova is a city in Italy constructed during the renaissance and it is the only city built following the ideals of a utopia. It is a concentric city with the form of a star, with three nine sided ring roads intersecting in the main military radiating streets. It was built at the end of the 16th century by the Venetian Republic which was, at the time, a major center of trade. It is actually considered to be a fort, because the military architect Giulio Savorgnano designed to be a Venetian military station to the eastern frontier as protection from the Ottoman Empire.
However, despite the pristine conditions and elegant layout of the new city, no one chose to move there, and by 1622 Venice was forced to pardon criminals and offer them free building lots and materials if they would agree to settle the town. Thus began the forced settlement of this magnificent planned space, which remains lifeless to this day and is visited only by curious scholars of Renaissance cities and bored soldiers who are still posted there to guard the Italian frontier.
(special thanks to reddit user porkcharsui187)